If you are a nature lover and want to explore the rich biodiversity of India, Keoladeo National Park should definitely be on your travel bucket list. Also known as Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, this UNESCO World Heritage Site is a wetland reserve located in the state of Rajasthan, India. The park is home to a wide variety of birds, mammals, reptiles, and insects, making it a perfect destination for nature enthusiasts.
In this blog, I will share some interesting facts about Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur and why one should visit this birdwatcher’s paradise.
History of Keoladeo National Park
Keoladeo National Park was originally built as a hunting ground for the Maharajas of Bharatpur. In 1956, it was declared a bird sanctuary, and in 1982, it was designated as a national park. In 1985, it was listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The park covers an area of 29 square kilometers and is surrounded by a 11-kilometer-long wall. It is home to over 370 species of birds, including migratory birds that come from as far as Siberia and Central Asia during the winter season.
Birdwatching in Keoladeo National Park
The park is famous for its birdwatching opportunities. The best time to visit the park is from October to March when the migratory birds arrive. Some of the bird species that can be spotted in the park include the Siberian crane, painted stork, pelican, kingfisher, egret, and heron.
One of the best ways to explore the park is by hiring a bicycle or a rickshaw. The park also offers guided tours that can be booked in advance. The park is open from sunrise to sunset, and the entry fee is INR 75 for Indian citizens and INR 500 for foreign nationals.
Wildlife in Keoladeo National Park
Apart from birds, Keoladeo National Park is also home to a variety of other wildlife species. The park is home to several mammals such as the spotted deer, sambar deer, wild boar, and Indian hare. Reptiles such as the Indian python, cobra, and monitor lizard can also be spotted in the park.
The park also has a large population of aquatic animals such as fish, turtles, and water snakes. The wetlands in the park provide an ideal habitat for these aquatic species.
Flora in Keoladeo National Park
The park is not just about wildlife. It also boasts a rich flora. The wetlands in the park are home to a variety of aquatic plants such as water lilies, lotus, and duckweed. The park also has a large number of trees such as babul, kadam, and jamun.
The park is home to several medicinal plants such as neem, amla, and baheda. The park also has a large number of flowering plants such as hibiscus, jasmine, and marigold.
Accommodation in Keoladeo National Park
The park has several accommodation options for visitors. The Rajasthan Tourism Development Corporation (RTDC) runs a hotel within the park premises called the Saras Hotel. There are also several other hotels and resorts located near the park.
In conclusion, Keoladeo National Park is a unique and beautiful destination that offers visitors a chance to connect with nature and observe a rich diversity of wildlife. Whether you’re a seasoned birdwatcher or just a nature enthusiast, this park has something to offer for everyone.
From the migratory birds to the mammals and reptiles, and the rich flora, Keoladeo National Park is a treasure trove of natural wonders that must be experienced in person. So, if you’re planning your next vacation, don’t forget to add Keoladeo National Park to your list of must-visit destinations.